Briefings and case studies

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Childcare in the pre-school years (MCS briefing 8)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing looks at the millennium children’s experience of care from people other than the mother, particularly in group childcare settings. It reports the findings of a study of 301 settings in England, compares the Millennium Cohort Study families who did and did not use centre-based care, and assesses the quality of care offered. It also describes the characteristics of centres providing high quality care as they may offer guidance for good practice. Finally, it discusses the study’s results in terms of government policy, and makes recommendations that could improve the quality of childcare.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Parent relationships and child wellbeing (MCS briefing 1)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

The effects of divorce and remarriage on British children have also been well researched. However, much less is known about the potential consequences of being born into different family settings and the impact of subsequent changes in family structure (referred to here as ‘trajectories’). This briefing therefore maps – and analyses the consequences of – the family trajectories of Millennium Cohort Study children born to various categories of married, cohabiting and lone parents.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Ethnicity and social capital among mothers (MCS briefing 2)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing focuses on Millennium Cohort Study families’ social resources, as reported by the mothers. Their social and support networks, and experiences of their local areas, will be relevant to their children as they grow up. We look at this issue through the lens of the mother’s ethnicity because social capital is seen as particularly important for minority ethnic groups.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Child poverty in the first five years of life (MCS briefing 3)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This Briefing explores poverty in MCS families when the cohort child was aged 5. It also traces changes in families’ circumstances between the first survey, conducted when the child was 9 months old (MCS1), and the third survey at age 5 (MCS3).

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Resilience in children’s development (MCS briefing 4)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing explains what IOE researchers have discovered about early childhood influences on the cognitive and behavioural development of five-year-olds being tracked by the Millennium Cohort Study. A key question was whether potentially protective factors in the family environment can mitigate disadvantages known to hamper children’s development, such as financial hardship.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Parental choice of primary school (MCS briefing 5)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

The 1988 Education Reform Act for England and Wales strengthened parents’ rights to choose their child’s school. Over the past 20 years, however, there has been relatively little research into the factors uppermost in parents’ minds when choosing their children’s primary school. This briefing provides new information from the Millennium Cohort Study that enables us to examine the extent to which parents actually choose primary schools rather than simply opting for local schools. It also explores the reasons for their choices.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Teacher assessment at age 5 (MCS briefing 6)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing summarises an analysis of teachers’ assessments of children in the Millennium Cohort Study at age 5. These assessments complement the cognitive and behavioural development indicators described in briefings 4, 12 and 13.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Neighbourhood and residential mobility (MCS briefing 7)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing charts mobility in the MCS children’s early years from surveys carried out at age nine  months, three and five years. It looks at whether family circumstances, such as type of accommodation, predict subsequent mobility. It also investigates families’ perceptions of their neighbourhood. Is it a good place to raise children? How safe is it? And how are these perceptions related to subsequent mobility?

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Parental and child health (MCS briefing 9)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

A range of environmental factors influences early childhood health and development, including the health of parents. However, little is known about the pathways via which parents’ health and behaviours, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, affect children. This briefing examines new evidence that the Millennium Cohort Study is producing on this vital issue.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010

Parental employment (MCS briefing 10)

Author:   Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Description:  

This briefing examines Millennium Cohort Study parents’ varied employment hours and childcare combinations during the cohort children’s first five years. It focuses on diversity linked to ethnicity and to partnership status. The use of flexible working arrangements and their relationship to work-life balance are also considered.

Date published:   01/04/2010

Date posted:   01/04/2010