CLS Working paper series

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Stereotyped at seven? Biases in teacher judgements of pupils' ability and attainment

Author:   Tammy Campbell


CLS Working Paper 2013/8 This paper presents work in progress to investigate whether biases in teachers’ assessments of pupils may contribute to creating or maintaining these attainment gaps among primary school children in England. The research analyses data from a sample of more than 5,000 pupils and their teachers taking part in the national Millennium Cohort Study (MCS)

Date published:   08/09/2013

Date posted:   08/09/2013

Draw-A-Person: Screening Procedure for Emotional Disturbance: An investigation of the sensitivity of this method to internalising and externalising behavioural problems identified by the Rutter Parent Questionnaire at age 7 in the 1958 National Child Development Study

Author:   Miranda Crusco


CLS Working Paper 2013/7  The main aim of this study was to investigate whether children identified as having internalising (emotional) or externalising (behavioural) problems as indicated by the Rutter Parent Questionnaire included indications of such problems in their drawings of a man as identified by the Draw-A-Person: Screening Procedure for Emotional Disturbance (DAP:SPED). A mean DAP:SPED score comparison between the three groups found no significant differences between the normative and both behavioural problem groups; however a borderline significant mean difference was found between the behavioural problem groups. These findings suggest that the DAP:SPED has limited sensitivity to the behavioural problems as identified by the Rutter Parent Questionnaire in this sample. 

Date published:   20/08/2013

Date posted:   22/08/2013

Experiences of physical activity at age 10 in the 1970 British Cohort Study

Author:   Will Parry


CLS Working Paper 2013/6  The analysis identifies whether school sport and physical education policy is likely to act as an effective intervention, or whether it mostly benefits children who have already been socialised into active lifestyles by their parents.  It was found that girls and boys had different experiences of physical activity at age 10, indicative of prevailing gender stereotypes. There was little evidence that school sport and physical education acted as an effective intervention. In contrast, there was strong evidence that children who were socialised into sport outside school had better experiences inside school.

Date published:   15/08/2013

Date posted:   22/08/2013

From childhood deprivation to adult social exclusion: Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort Study

Author:   Agnese Peruzzi


CLS Working Paper 2013/5 This paper analyses the common trajectories of children from disadvantaged backgrounds which lead to adult social exclusion. Moreover, it provides an assessment of whether education is effective in breaking the vicious cycle of disadvantage both across and within generations.

Date published:   17/07/2013

Date posted:   17/07/2013

Collecting saliva samples for DNA extraction from children and parents: Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

Author:   Lisa Calderwood and Nickie Rose


CLS Working Paper 2013/3 In recent years there has been a substantial increase in the collection of biological data on social surveys. This paper provides an account of a pilot study investigating the feasibility of collecting saliva samples for DNA extraction from mothers, fathers and children aged around 11 years old using field interviewers on the UK Millennium Cohort Study. We demonstrate that it is indeed viable to collect saliva samples for DNA extraction from 11-year-old children and co-resident biological fathers and mothers using field interviewers in a home setting.

Date published:   28/03/2013

Date posted:   28/03/2013

Learning and the lifecourse: The acquisition of qualifications in adulthood

Author:   Andrew Jenkins


CLS Working Paper 2013/4 Policy makers have placed much emphasis on the importance of people continuing to obtain qualifications in adulthood in order to adapt to changing conditions in the labour market, and on the need for a highly skilled workforce if the UK is to remain a competitive economy. In this paper the author analyses the extent to which people acquired qualifications in adulthood and also whether they upgraded to higher levels of qualification than they previously held, using data from the 1958 National Child Development Study.

Date published:   15/03/2013

Date posted:   15/03/2013

Prevalence and correlates of sleep problems at age 50: Initial results from the National Child Development Study

Author:   Stella Chatzitheochari


CLS Working Paper 2013/2 Recent years have witnessed an increased interest in the contribution of social factors to sleep problems, given the importance of sleep for health and wellbeing. However, only a few large-scale social surveys gather information on sleep patterns. The National Child Development Study (NCDS) has collected data on the prevalence of sleep problems among its cohort members at age 50. The aim of this working paper is to introduce the sleep questions that were asked in NCDS and to provide a preliminary cross-sectional analysis of the correlates of sleep problems at age 50.

Date published:   13/03/2013

Date posted:   13/03/2013

In-school ability grouping and the month of birth effect: Preliminary evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study

Author:   Tammy Campbell


CLS Working Paper 2013/1: This paper lays out a hypothesis that ability grouping in early primary school may be instrumental in creating the heavily evidenced ‘month of birth effect’, where relatively younger pupils within each school year group are disadvantaged, academically and extraacademically, compared to their relatively older peers.

Date published:   08/03/2013

Date posted:   08/03/2013

Imagine you are 60: A view of the next decade for 50-year-olds in the 1958 British birth cohort study as they enter the 'third age'

Author:   Jane Elliott


CLS Working Paper 2012/6 The aim of this paper is to provide a preliminary descriptive analysis of a sub-sample of responses to an open ended question that asked members of the 1958 British birth cohort, when they were surveyed at age 50, to ‘Imagine you are 60...’. The focus is on the broad themes that are included in individual responses, and the vocabulary used by cohort members. The paper provides a more detailed focus on and description of what cohort members said about how they imagined their health to be in ten years time. It also provides an analysis of the patterning of responses in terms of cohort members’ gender, social class and self-reported health status.

Date published:   03/10/2012

Date posted:   03/10/2012

Do primary school children's career aspirations matter?

Author:   Eirini Flouri and Constantina Panourgia


CLS Working Paper 2012/5 The association between family poverty and children’s emotional (internalising) and behavioural (externalising) problems is well-established. Using data from the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), we tested a path model linking family poverty and maternal qualifications (as a proxy for family-level human capital) to children’s internalising and externalising problems via their career aspirations at age 7 years. See also accompanying appendix and data note.

Date published:   14/09/2012

Date posted:   14/09/2012